Anselmo Dandini (1546-1608) was a son of Pompeo Dandini of Cesena, Conte Palatino and Cavaliere Aurato, and after 1539, an imperial count, entitled to incorporate the imperial eagle on the Dandini coat of arms (Tre stelle di otto punte dell’uno all’altro poste sulla trinciatura ed il capo d’oro all’aquila spiegata di nero).1
Anselmo studied in Bologna under the supervision of the orator Sebastiano Regoli da Brisighella (1514-1570), then at Bologna university, graduating in 1567 with a degree in utroque jure
At age 13, he had obtained from his uncle, Girolamo Dandini (1509-1559), nuncio to the court of François I (1543-1544), created cardinal by Julius III on 20 November 1551, a valuable benefice in Ferrara (Abate commendatario di S. Bartolomeo). Pius V appointed him Protonotario Apostolico and Referendario di Segnatura, which allowed Anselmo the privilege of using the insignia of an amaranth galero with twelve scarlet tassels.3
In 1578, Gregory XIII appointed him Nunzio ordinario to France, where he remained for three years.