Pl. XIII: (top) Kylix and prochoe from the Fauvel collection (both lost); (middle) Decoration on the prochoe: Pallas Athene and Heracles on Mount Olympus; (bottom) Victory of Pallas Athene over Asterios, decoration on another Fauvel vase View larger
Pl. XIII: (top) Kylix and prochoe from the Fauvel collection (both lost); (middle) Decoration on the prochoe: Pallas Athene and Heracles on Mount Olympus; (bottom) Victory of Pallas Athene over Asterios, decoration on another Fauvel vase
Stackelberg (Otto Magnus von), Baron, 1787-1837

Die Graeber der Hellenen

Berlin, G. Reimer (Gedruckt bei A.W. Hayn), 1837
First edition of Von Stackelberg’s last book, an illustrated study of Greek tomb-reliefs and of objects found in tombs, with remarks on the burial customs of the Greeks. In this copy, twenty-seven of the plates are coloured, “reflecting the considerable contemporary interest in the polychromy of Greek art” (Age of Neoclassicism). In the Blackmer copy, twenty-six plates are “coloured or partly so” by “an amateur”; Navari believed “coloured copies do not appear to be known”. Another like ours, with twenty-seven partly-coloured plates, was sold by Christie’s, Paris, 9 June 2006, lot 132 (ex-library of Victor Duchataux); other copies with some plates coloured are in the Gennadius Library and Library of Congress.
Subjects
Archaeology, Greek & Roman
Authors/Creators
Stackelberg, Otto Magnus von, Baron, 1787-1837
Artists/Illustrators
Stackelberg, Otto Magnus von, Baron, 1787-1837
Printers/Publishers
Hayn, Adolf Wilhelm, active 1826
Reimer, Georg Ernst, active 1828-1842
Other names
Bruce, Thomas, 7th Earl of Elgin, 1766-1841
Brøndsted, Peter Oluf, 1780-1842
Burgon, Thomas, 1787-1858
Fauvel, Louis-François-Sébastien, 1753-1838
Gordon, Thomas, Major-General, 1788-1841
Linckh (Kinckh), Jacob, 1787-1841
Lusieri, Giovanni Battista, c. 1755-1821
Selenka, Philipp, 1803-1850

Stackelberg, Otto Magnus von, Baron
Tallinn, Estonia 1787 – 1837 St. Petersburg

Die Graeber der Hellenen.

Berlin, G. Reimer (‘Gedruckt bei A.W. Hayn’), [1835–] 1837

folio (530 × 385 mm), (50) ff. letterpress, signed π1 (title) 2π1 (dedication to the author’s mother) 1–112 1–71 7[bis]1 (cancelland) 8–251 and paginated (4) 1–44 1–14, 13–49 (1), with vignette on title, head- and tail-pieces printed with the text; plus engraved frontispiece, and seventy-nine engraved plates, of which 27 are coloured (nos. v, vi, ix, x, xi, xii, xiii, xiv, xvi, xvii, xxvii, xxx, xliv, xlv, xlvi, xlvii, xlviii, xlix, lii, liv, lv, lvii, lviii, lix, lx, lxi, lxviii). The descriptive text for ‘Taf. xvi’ occurs twice in this copy.

Some pages and plates are heavily foxed.

bound in russia leather, dyed green, decorated with a frame of gilt ornament; engraved ticket on violet paper Gebunden bei Ph. Selenka in Wiesbaden.

First edition of Stackelberg’s last book, an illustrated study of Greek tomb-reliefs and of objects found in tombs, with remarks on the burial customs of the Greeks. The work was issued in ten Lieferungen, com­mencing in 1835.1 Twenty-seven of the engraved plates are hand-coloured, ‘reflecting the consid­erable contemporary interest in the poly­chromy of Greek art’ (Age of Neo-classicism).

Many of the objects described and reproduced have become well-known. These include the ‘Broomhall Throne’, a rare surviving example of Greek marble furniture, drawn by Stackelberg during his visit to Greece in 1810–1814, when it was situated ‘in Athen am Platze des ehemaligen Prytaneums’ (pp.33–35, with two views of the throne and a view of each relief). In 1835, Stackelberg assumed it was still where he had found it; in fact, the throne had been appropriated by the Earl of Elgin, shipped to England in the spring of 1818, and installed in Elgin’s galleries at Broomhall, Fife. In 1974 the throne was acquired by the Getty Museum in Malibu.2

(Pl. xi) ‘Drei Lekythen aus Athen’, from the Fauvel, Burgon, and Lusieri collections. Burgon’s vase is in the British Museum (Reg. No. 1842,0728.979)

(Pl. xiii) Top Kylix and prochoe from the Fauvel collection (both lost)
Middle Decoration on the prochoe: Pallas Athene and Heracles on Mount Olympus
Bottom Victory of Pallas Athene over Asterios, decoration on another Fauvel vase

Another of Stackelberg’s plates (pl. i, no. 3) illustrates a marble figure of a woman in high relief, broken from a large grave monument, found at Acharnae, Menidi, in Attica. This object was taken by Frederick North, afterwards fifth Earl of Guilford, to London, and reap­peared sometime afterwards in the collection of the Earl of Lonsdale at Lowther Castle. It was acquired in 1948 by the Metropolitan Museum of Art.3

A late fifth-century grave stele decorated in high relief with a life-size figure of a Greek warrior, found near Megara, is illustrated pl. iii, no. 2. This object was brought to Cairness House, Aberdeenshire, by Thomas Gordon, who served with Lord Byron in the Greek War of Independence in 1821. In 1936 the stele was sold at Sotheby’s and shortly thereafter it entered the Worcester Art Museum.4 A bronze triple Hekate, found on the island of Aegina, and seen by Stackelberg in the collection of Louis-François-Sébastien Fauvel in Athens, is shown on pl. lxxii. It was acquired by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in 1964.5

Many of the vases illustrated once belonged to Fauvel, with lesser numbers in the collec­tions of Giovanni Battista Lusieri (pls. xi/3, xvi/2, xxii, xxix, xxxiii) and Thomas Burgon (pls. xi/2, xvi/1, xlv/1, l/1, li/3), and a few in the possession of Peter Oluf Brøndsted (pl. xliii), John Foster of Liverpool (pl. xxi), the late Lord Guilford (pl. xii/2), Linckh (pl. xix), and a Dr. MacMichael (pl. xviii). Those vases that survive are now distributed between Baltimore,6 Berlin,7 Cambridge,8 London,9 Munich,10 Newcastle upon Tyne,11 New York,12 Oxford,13 and Paris.14

In the Blackmer copy, twenty six plates are ‘coloured or partly so’ by ‘an amateur’. Navari believed ‘coloured copies do not appear to be known’, however another like ours with twenty-seven partly-coloured plates, from the library of Victor Duchataux (1823–1905), was sold by Christie’s, Paris, 9 June 2006, lot 132. Other copies containing coloured plates are in the Gennadius Library and Library of Congress (see respective opacs).

Our copy contains the engraved ticket of the bookbinder Philipp Selenka (1803–1850) of Wiesbaden, brother of Johann Jacob Selenka (1801–1871), Hofbuchbinder in Braunschweig.15

references The Age of Neo-classicism: the Royal Academy and the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 9 September–19 November 1972, The fourteenth exhibition of the Council of Europe ([London] 1972), no. 939; Leonora Navari, Greece and the Levant: the catalogue of the Henry Myron Blackmer collection of books and manuscripts (London 1989), p.337 no. 1594

1. Cf. Allgemeines Zeitung (Munich, 24 July 1836), ‘Außerordentliche Beilage’, p.1358 (publisher’s adver­tisement announcing the issue of parts 2–4 and plates 9–32).

2. The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection, revised edition, edited by Kenneth Lapatin and Karol Wight (Malibu 2010), pp.22–23.

3. Christine Alexander, ‘An Attic Relief from Lowther Castle’ in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, new series, 7 (February 1949), pp.162–163.

4. Cornelius Vermeule, Greek and Roman sculpture in America: Masterpieces in public collections in the United States and Canada (Malibu 1981), p.94 no. 63.

5. Cornelius Vermeule, ‘Greek, Etruscan, Roman, and Byzantine Sculpture in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston’ in The Classical Journal 60 (1965), pp.295–296.

6. Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore. Plate xxv: 48.2050.

7. Antikensammlung, Berlin. Plates xvii/1,4: F. 2661; xvii/7: F. 2422; xxvii: F. 2719; xlii (red-figured cup): F.2530; xlix/1–2: F. 2928; lii/1: F.2922.

8. Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Plate xv/6: g100.

9. British Museum, London. Plates xi/2 (black-figured lekythos): b658 (1842,0728.979, ex-Burgon collection); xiii/2–3 (black-figured oinochoe): b498 (1842,0728.925, ex-Burgon collection); xvi/1 (black-figured lekythos, ex-Burgon collection): b648 (1842,0728.101, ex-Burgon collection); xvii/6 (red-figured chous): e533 (1842,0728.927, ex-Burgon collection); xviii/2 (red-figured pelike): 1895,0831.1; xxiii (red-figured astragalos): e804 (1860,1201.2); xxix (red-figured squat lekythos): e697 (1856,0512.15); xxxviii/6 (white-ground lekythos): d35 (1842,0728.1002, ex-Burgon collection); xlv/1: d82 (1842,0728.1000, ex-Burgon collection).

10. Antikensammlungen, Munich. Plates xxxvii/5: 2500; xl (red-figured pelike): 2361 (J. 776); xli (red-figured column-krater): 2370 (J. 746); xlvii: 2777 (J. 209).

11. Shefton Museum, Newcastle. Plates xxxiii (red-figured kalathos, ex-Lusieri collection): 853. Stackelberg’s drawings of this vase are in the British Museum (2012.5001.718; 2012.5001.718).

12. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Plate xxiv/5 (red-figured Oinochoe): 12.229.13.

13. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Plate xxviii/1–3 (red-figured squat lekythos): 1957.31; xxxi/1–2 (red-figured cup, ex-Fauvel collection): v552; xxxiv/3/3 (red-figured lekythos): 1927.4461.

14. Musée du Louvre, Paris. Plate xxxii: l55; xxxiv/1,3: lp2692; xlviii: l66.

15. Two bindings by Philipp Selenka in the Fürstlich Waldecksche Hofbibliothek, Arolsen, are descri­bed by Rudolf-Alexander Schütte and Konrad Wiedemann, Einbandkunst vom frühmittelalter bis Jugend­stil aus den Bibliotheken in Kassel und Arolsen, Universitätsbibliothek Kassel (Kassel 2002), p.54 no. 68 and Abb. 51. He was a specialist ‘Portefeuillear­beiter’; see Hektor Rössler, Ausführlicher Bericht über die von dem Gewerbverein für das Großher­zogthum Hessen im Jahre 1842 veranstaltete Allge­meine deutsche Industrie-Ausstellung zu Mainz (Darmstadt 1843), p.240.

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